What China does is of crucial importance for the global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trajectory, because of the country’s share of global emissions, its major role in infrastructure financing across the world and its technology leadership potential.

of global annual emissions from energy and industry
date by which China can be a fully developed rich zero-carbon economy

ETC China is based in Beijing and run by the Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI). It aims to provide analytical inputs on the feasible pace of the Chinese energy transition for policymakers in advance of the 14th Five-Year Plan and Mid-Century Strategy. At the same time, it aims to convene and strengthen a group of leading Chinese industry players to help identify the business opportunities that a rapid energy transition would create.

In 2019, ETC China undertook a six-month project to analyse what it would take for China to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. The report arising from this work – “China 2050: a fully developed rich zero-carbon economy” – was launched in November 2019 and was received as a ground-breaking analysis. It demonstrated that China could leverage its extensive wind and solar potential to build a zero-carbon-emissions economy at low cost by focusing on zero-carbon electrification and a massive scale-up of hydrogen production, primarily from electrolysis.

The ongoing work of ETC China focuses on how to speed up the energy transition through policy and business action, with a particular focus on:

  • The power system – in particular the rapid acceleration of renewable electricity deployment and the phase-out of coal-fired power generation;
  • How to decarbonise heavy industry sectors such as steel, cement and chemicals in a country that accounts for about half of global production; and
  • How to develop and scale a green hydrogen economy.

To know more please contact Chen Ji or visit