Boosting Circularity: Materials Efficiency and Circularity in the Manufacturing Sector

October 2019

The second in the Energy Transitions Commission’s “How to Reach Net Zero” Insights Series on the European energy transition explores how material efficiency and circularity can drastically reduce carbon emissions from heavy industry sectors. However, this is severely hindered by split responsibilities across what are very long-value chains, including material producers, manufacturers, retailers, consumers and recyclers.

This report examines the policy levers that can drive progress, including extended producer responsibility, taxing or banning incineration and using public procurement to drive the adoption of circular products and services.