India is already the third-largest energy consumer globally. To support population growth, economic growth, higher living standards and the electrification of its economy – in particular, of road transport – the country will need to increase its electricity generation fivefold by mid-century. But coal still represents about 60% of the power mix.
expected electricity demand increase in India by 2050
zero-carbon power generation could be achieved at no extra cost by 2030
Over the last few years, ETC India – based in Delhi and run by The Energy and Resources Institute – has become an authoritative voice on India’s energy transition. It has influenced the upward revision of the government’s objective for renewables deployment. The key conclusion of our first phase of work in 2019 – that India can reach 45% non-fossil-fuel generation by 2030 while more than doubling power supply – was initially received with caution, but was then translated into government strategies, with some government projections now suggesting still higher figures.
ETC India is currently working to inform the next round of government strategies in 2020-21, including the revision of India’s Nationally Defined Contribution. It is pursuing its analysis of the power system, focusing on the integration of renewables in the grid and feasible decarbonisation trajectories post-2030. ETC India has also started to put industry decarbonisation on the policy agenda on the eve of a major wave of investments in industrial assets.
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