Strengthening Supply Chains for US Decarbonization

August 2023

The 2022 Inflation Reduction Act provides new sources of capital and incentives for accelerating net-zero efforts. The law concurrently seeks to shift supply chains vital for US decarbonization to domestic sources and, more selectively, to links with free-trade partners. However, challenges abound. This policy paper responds by exploring opportunities inherent to rapidly creat­ing just, low-carbon, and sustainable supply chains for key sectors of the US economy.

These recommendations center upon the following key efforts:

  • Expediting permitting for critical decarbonization materials
  • Applying exceptions and special waivers on domestic content
  • Incentivizing recycling and materials innovation
  • Applying domestic content guidance progressively
  • Developing human capital
  • Developing decarbonization clusters
  • Expanding domestic exploration incentives
  • Prioritizing friendshoring, risk reduction, and low-carbon trade in foreign policy

This report is part of Keys to the US Energy Transition: An Energy Pathways USA Series.

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